Arangia, Naranja, Laranja, Arancia , Orenge, Orange

Wikipedia has a fascinating paragraph on the origin of the English word orange, a long journey through land and time:

“The word orange is derived from Sanskrit नारङ्ग nāraṅgaḥ “orange tree.” The Sanskrit word is in turn lent itself as the Dravidian root for ‘fragrant’. In Tamil, a bitter orange is known as ணரன்டம் ‘Narandam’, a sweet orange is called நகருகம் ‘nagarugam’ and நாரி ‘naari’ means fragrance. In Telugu the orange is called నరిఙ ‘naringa’. The Sanskrit word was borrowed into European languages through Persian نارنگ nārang, Armenian նարինջ nārinj, Arabic نارنج nāranj, Late Latin arangia, Spanish naranja, Portuguese laranja, Italian arancia and Old French orenge, in chronological order. The first appearance in English dates from the 14th century. The name of the colour is derived from the fruit, first appearing in this sense in 1542.”

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